Wednesday, September 23, 2009

Prevention of falls for seniors (contd)

• Another way through which you can help seniors from tripping is by making hallways, stairs and walkways free of objects. Sometimes even small pieces of papers can cause a fall especially if their surface is slippery.
• Try removing the scatter rugs. If you fail to do so, then it would be ideal on your part to secure the rags to the floor using heavy duty and double-sided tape. You don’t have to wander hither and thither in search of these, simply walk up to any hardware store and order for one!
• You can play safe with the stairways if you paint a white strip (ensure the measurement is somewhere around two inch) on the top of the each step’s edge. Try using a gritty paint as it helps your seniors in staying more surefooted while they move up as well as down. This isn’t all…seniors are at a greater risk to fall from the carpeted steps as well. But you can avoid this problem if you use white colored non-skid tape.
• Keep an eye on the electrical cords and make sure they don’t obstruct any foot paths. Don’t overcrowd the cabinets, bookcases and shelves. And make sure they aren’t too high. This approach will prevent the seniors from using a stepladder or stool while taking off things from the cabinets, bookcases and shelves. Try placing a chair or bench close to the entrances as this will provide you a secure and handy place for setting down bags, or sitting down while slipping your shoes on as well as off.
• Get their vision and hearing checked on a routine basis. In other words, start the check ups even before noticing problems. Consult with the doctor about the drug therapy for ensuring that after taking it you won’t feel dizzy.
• Elderly people should avoid standing up quickly as this may make you feel dizzy and probably fall. Prior to standing, try wiggling your feet and toes and swing your legs, if needed. Try exercising on a routine basis as this helps in strengthening your muscles as well as improving your agility. However, prior to this make sure you consult your doctor.
• Before standing up, try moving enough so that your blood pressure and heart rate increases. And last but not the least elderly people should limit their consumption of alcohol.

With aging, the risk for falling goes on increasing. It is true that most of the falls lead to minor injuries, but at the same time nearly ten to fifty percent lead to fractures as well as other serious injuries. Falls may take place anywhere, but a senor may more commonly experience it in the home. To be more specific, falls are likely to take place while getting out or climbing the bathtub.
In addition to elderly people, people suffering from weakness in legs or feet, problems with balance and walking, arthritis, particularly in the knee, problems with vision or hearing, dementia, low blood pressure, dehydration also run at a greater risk of developing falls. In a nutshell, the more risk factor a person is prone to, the more are their chances of falls.


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